caesalpinia pulcherrima family

In India the family is represented by many genera, e.g., Cassia, Bauhinia, Tamarindus, Saraca, Poinciana, Parkinsonia, Caesalpinia, etc. Schiebinger, L. (2004). Beware, however, of the small, sharp thorns that run along the stems. Has thorns. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. In mild climates, the plant is generally evergreen, with feathery, fern-like foliage composed of bi-pinnate dark green leaves with five to eight pairs of pinnae divided into six to ten pairs of leaflets per pinnae (1). It often gets up to ten feet tall, displaying characteristic flowers with bright orange and yellow petals, and long red stamens. Green, turning grayish-brown as the stems become woodier, covered with spines, which swell at the base upon maturity. Caesalpinia pulcherrima is an erect, smooth much branched shrub or small tree which grows to the height of 1.5 to 6 meters high or branches unarmed or with few straight prickles. Flowers feature bright orange-yellow petals with contrasting elongated dark red stamens. Caesalpinia pulcherrima is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Caesalpinia. Individuals can grow to 5 m. The red bird of paradise's flowers eventually give way to thin, flat, brown, seed pods, about two to four inches long. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Caesalpinia pulcherrima.Legume or pea family (Fabaceae). Royal Poinciana (Delonix regia), considered to be the most beautiful tree in the world, but for gardeners in zones 8 -11, the much smaller selection of Pride of Barbados (a.k.a. Dwarf Poinciana) could be considered a close second. It can be used in a variety of ways, including as an ornamental accent plant or hedge. 2)Origin: not native to North AmericaUses: reclamation; specimenAvailability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the tree These pods dry and split open, releasing the dark brown seeds, sometimes explosively (1,2). A simple mixture of leaf and sod land with the addition of sand is suitable. A dwarf poinciana (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) is an evergreen shrub and a member of the Leguminosae or Fabaceae (Legume or Bean) family of plants. Bi-pinnate foilage with small, oval leaflets. The continuing popularity of C. pulcherrima is due to its easy propagation, its adaptability, fast growth, and above all, its brilliant, long-lasting summer blooms. Bowl-shaped 5-petaled flowers (to 2" wide) bloom spring to fall (year-round in tropical climates) in 4-8" long terminal racemes (to 40 flowers per raceme) located at the branch ends. Botanical names: Poinciana pulcherrima Syn. It is easily propagated from seeds or cuttings in most well-drained soils (2,4). Fast-growing and tough, Caesalpinia gilliesii (Bird of Paradise Shrub) is a vase-shaped evergreen shrub or small tree boasting flamboyant clusters of yellow flowers in summer. Synonyms. Caesalpinia pulcherrima, commonly known as Mexican Bird of Paradise, Red Bird of Paradise, Pride of Barbados, Peacock Flower, Dwarf Flamboyan, Caesalpinia, flamboyant-de-jardin, and Dwarf Poinciana is a member of the pea family (Fabaceae). Caesalpinia pulcherrima should be protected in the winter from frost, as it may suffer damage at 32° F and be killed at temperatures in the teens (2). It grows best in full sun or light shade, but too much shade will cause it to become leggy and flower less (2). University Press of Hawaii. Genus epithet 'Caesalpinia' honours the Italian physician, philosopher and botanist, Andrea Caesalpino, and species epithet 'pulcherrima' means 'most beautiful', referring to the flowers. Pulcherrima is the feminine superlative form of the Latin adjective pulcher, and means “the most beautiful”. Family: Fabaceae. It may, however, be winter deciduous in cooler locations, such as Tucson (1,2). This appears to be Yellow Peacock Flower from Gulmohar family. Login. Indigenous tribes of South America used the juices of the plant to treat fever, heal sores and help with coughing, difficulty breathing and chest pain (10). Finally, Caesalpinia pulcherrima and Erythrostemon gilliesii belong to the pea family Fabaceae, while Strelitzia is a member of the birds-of-paradise plants family, Strelitziaceae. Trees, UA Oral Clay, H. (1977). Various extracts from the plant have been used as an eyewash, a mouthwash, an insecticide, to stun fish (11) and to execute criminals(5). Buy: Two Packs of Orange Bird of Paradise, $10.99, Amazon. Pulcherrima is the feminine superlative form of the Latin adjective pulcher, and … Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a native of tropical regions of the Americas, and likely originated in the West Indies or Mexico (2,3,4). 2. Family: FABACEAE: Genus: Caesalpinia L.: Common Name: NICKER: Genus Notes: The traditionally heterogeneous Caesalpinia s.l. The Hawai’i Garden: Tropical Shrubs. Today C. pulcherrima remains a popular plant: it is cultivated in both hemispheres, and is commonly found throughout Sonoran desert landscapes (2,7). Additional Common Names. The bark is used to treat diarrhea. Suitable for western and eastern windows. The Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a gorgeous perennial that thrives in warm climates or even the desert. References to this flower were recorded as early as 1657. History, Collections C. pulcherrima was originally named Poinciana pulcherrima in 1694 by the French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, to commemorate a fellow Frenchman, General Philippe de Lonvilliers, chevalier of Poincy, who was governor of the island of Saint Christopher (5). A too fertile substrate is not necessary. Common plants of the sub-family: 1. is a rounded upright, sometimes sprawling, multi-stemmed shrub. General Information Scientific name: Caesalpinia pulcherrimaPronunciation: sez-al-PIN-ee-uh pul-KAIR-ih-muhCommon name(s): Dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower fenceFamily: LeguminosaeUSDA hardiness zones: 9B through 11 (Fig. Habit: The plants show great variations in their habit, they may be trees or shrubs and very rarely herbs. In Hawaii, flowers are sometimes used in leis. Reportedly, green seed pods from the plant are cooked and eaten in Mexico(1). Flowers are followed by oblong, flat fruits (seed pods to 2.5-4" long), with each pod containing 8-10 dark brown to black seeds which are ejected as the pod splits open at maturity. Has Evergreen foliage. It is referred to by other names including Barbados Flowerfence, Peacock Flower, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Flamboyan, Caesalpinia, and Dwarf Poinciana. Tolerates some light shade, but best flowers occur in full sun. - 12 ft. 0 in. It takes pruning well and may be trained into a small accent tree in warmer locations (9). Bird of Paradise, Bird of Paradise Bush, Desert Bird of Paradise, Yellow Bird of Paradise, Paradise Caesalpinia, Paradise Poinciana Bloom Description: Orange-yellow with red stamens. Usually without prickles, it can grow up to 5 metres tall. Poinciana pulcherrima. It is referred to by other names including Barbados Flowerfence, Peacock Flower, Mexican Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Flamboyan, Caesalpinia, and Dwarf Poinciana. Leaves are paripinnate, alternate and 10 to 40 cm long with 5 to 9 pairs of pinnae. Used as a flowering fence in Barbados. Generally survives temperatures to 30 degrees F. (sometimes with brief dips into the high 20s). An ornamental plant with beautiful flowers and bilobed leavs. It is a shrub and is often pruned into a low hedge. Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest. Each leaf has 5-8 pairs of pinnae and 6-10 pairs of leaflets per pinna. Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World. DWARF POINCIANA, BARBADOS FLOWER FENCE, RED BIRD OF PARADISE, PRIDE OF BARBADOS. and Donations, University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension, Arizona Municipal Water Users Association, ASU Virtual Library of Phoenix Landscape Plants. It is native to tropical America (probably the West Indies), but is now widely grown in tropical areas around the world for its long bloom of colorful flowers in upright racemes on prickly branches clad … It may, however, be winter deciduous in cooler locations, such as Tucson (1,2). It has edible fruits. Caesalpinia pulcherrima, commonly called peacock flower or Barbados Pride, is a fast-growing upright shrub or small tree which typically matures to 10' tall (in shrub form) or to as much as 20' tall (in tree form). Caesalpinia pulcherrima 'Compton', Poinciana pulcherrima Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae Pride of Barbados, Pink Dwarf Poinciana, Flower Fence. It has a self-supporting growth form. Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World. Various cultivars are available with different colored flowers. This shrub has sharp prickles along its stems, leading to the sometimes used common name of Barbados flower fence because of its use in the West Indies as a flowering barrier fence. across (2.5 cm), feature long, protruding red stamens that create an exotic look. Today, tea from the plant’s flowers, leaves and small stems is reputed to have value as a gastrointestinal tract medicine and is effective in alleviating conditions of bowel irritation such as gastritis or intestinal inflammation(12). Green seed pods are cooked and eaten in Mexico.Genus name honors Andrea Cesalpini (1524/25-1603), Italian botanist, philosopher, and physician to Pope Clement VIII.Specific epithet comes from the Latin word pulcher meaning beauty. Prune to shape as needed. However, on the southern side, the plant may suffer from heat, so shading is required. Most of the members belonging to this family are tropical and sub-tropical in distribution. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Show All Show Tabs pride-of-Barbados General Information; Symbol: CAPU13 Group: Dicot Family: Fabaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: L48 I PB I PR I VI I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Another common name for this shrub is dwarf poinciana in recognition of the similarity (although of smaller size) of the flowers of this shrub to the flowers of royal poinciana (Delonix regia). Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a deciduous or evergreen shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. The red bird of paradise's flowers eventually give way to thin, flat, brown, seed pods, about two to four inches long. 3. Its ability to cause abortions was documented in the 17th century, but had been used by indigenous peoples probably long before that (5, 10). It has compound, broad leaves. It is listed as ‘naturalised’, ‘cultivation escape’, and ‘weed’ in the Global Compendium of Weeds Listing, What's Cultivated in gardens. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. from Guwahati: Attached images are Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. - 20 ft. 0 in. It is native to tropical America (probably the West Indies), but is now widely grown in tropical areas around the world for its long bloom of colorful flowers in upright racemes on prickly branches clad with twice pinnate green leaves. The flowers, which can grow up to two inches in diameter, bloom on terminal racemes at the end of branches, with as many as 40 flowers per raceme (1). Lincoln Town Press. The first known reference of the plant by a European comes from Francisco Hernández, a Spanish botanist, in the early 16th century (5). C. pulcherrima is a fine choice for xeriscaping. The epithet of the plant’s name, pulcherrima, was retained. Hedge, screen background. It has been used to treat sore throat, lung disease, and liver problems (5), and may have antiviral properties (10). Kane, C. (2011). It is sometimes called "dwarf Poinciana" due to its similarity to the Royal Poinciana tree (Delonix regia), which some consider to be the most beautiful tree in the world (8). It is sometimes called “Barbados fencepost,” a reference to its use as a thick, thorny hedge(1). Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Peacock flower or H. Radhachura): In Bloom, Arizona Great The other two species, S. reginae and S. Nicolai (wild banana or giant white bird of paradise) are popular ornamental and house plants. Caesalpinia pulcherrima has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 5 (Evaluate). Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 where it is easily grown in medium moisture, fertile, well drained soils in full sun. It can also survive a yearly freeze. Caesalpinia pulcherrima has been used to treat convulsions in children and to control intestinal worms (11). Caesalpinia is now generally considered to be the official genus, though Poinciana is still frequently mentioned as the basionym of the plant (6). Upright shrub, sometimes small tree, able to grow up to 3 - 6 m tall and with a spread of 2 - 4 m wide. All contents © 2012 Arizona Board of Regents. Borne at the branch tips, the five-petaled blossoms, 1 in. Caesalpiniarequires bright illumination, no less than 8 hours of direct light per day. Rounded Shape. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Harvard University Press. Caesalpinia is now generally considered to be the official genus, though Poinciana is still frequently mentioned as the basionym of the plant (6). The slender trunk is usually straight and cylindrical and can be free of branches for 100cm or more [ 310 Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Mexico, Central America Dimensions: Height: 10 ft. 0 in. It has been used to make inks(5) and dyes(5, 11). It often gets up to ten feet tall, displaying characteristic flowers with bright orange and yellow petals, and long red stamens. Scientific: Caesalpinia pulcherrima (formerly known as Poinciana pulcherrima) Common: red bird-of-paradise, Barbados pride, dwarf Poinciana, ayoowiri Family: Leguminosae (Fabaceae) Origin: West Indies, Mexico Pronounciation: Say-sal-PIN-ee-a pul-chi-REE-ma Hardiness zones Sunset 12-16, 18-23 USDA 9-11. Date :29/11/2012 Location: Guwahati-11 [Dist- Kamrup(Metro)] Family : Caesalpiniaceae Genus & species : Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Vern Name : Radha-chura (Assamese) Habitat: Grows on road side Habit : Small tree Flower : Large, red in colour Its showy colors attract birds, hummingbirds, and butterflies (3). Schiebinger, L. (2004). Caesalpinia pulcherrima is the national flower of the country of Barbados, where it is called “the Pride of Barbados;” it appears on that country’s national coat of arms(5,13). Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae. Policy, Membership Dwarf Poinciana fixes nitrogen. Common names for this species include peacock flower, red bird of paradise, Mexican bird of paradise, and pride of Barbados. Species The flowers, which can grow up to two inches in diameter, bloom on terminal racemes at the end of branches, with as many as 40 flowers per raceme (1). Caesalpinia pulcherrima Preferred Common Name; peacock flower Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; C. pulcherrima is a fast-growing shrub or small tree in the legume family. Linnaeus kept this name, but it was later changed in 1791 by the Swedish taxonomist Olof Swartz to Caesalpinia (in honor of the 16th-century Italian botanist Andrea Cesalpino), because the genus Poinciana contained only this plant (5). Cynometra cauliflora: Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a rounded upright, sometimes sprawling, multi-stemmed shrub. All rights reserved. These pods dry and split open, releasing the dark brown seeds, sometimes explosively (1,2). Externally it can be used as a wash to soothe rashes, bites and stings and to give relief to poison ivy and chemical sensitivity rashes(12). The epithet of the plant’s name, pulcherrima, was retained. In mild climates, the plant is generally evergreen, with feathery, fern-like foliage composed of bi-pinnate dark green leaves with five to eight pairs of pinnae divided into six to ten pairs of leaflets per pinnae (1). Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: Medicinal: The Indonesians pound the roots and give it to children afflicted with convulsions. Tree Characteristics. Also known as the red bird of paradise, or the pride of Barbados, this tropical plant can reach heights of up to 15 feet. It is a photoautotroph. (pl check Caesalpinia pulcherrima) ... Medicine men in the Amazon Rainforest have long known some of the medicinal uses for Caesalpinia pulcherrima, which is known as ayoowiri. Caesalpinia Species: pulcherrima Family: Fabaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Flowers are used for lei's in Hawaii. Its potency as an emmenagogue (a substance that induces menstruation in women) has also been observed(5, 12). Flowers are visited by Battus laodamas iopas. Pride of Barbados, Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a member of the pea family (Fabaceae). The National Flower of Barbados. It appears on the Barbados Coat of Arms. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Shrub Tree Bauhinia variegata (H. Kachanar): The University of Arizona is an EEO/AA - M/W/D/V Employer. With a lack of light, it is very difficult to achieve flowering. Width: 6 ft. 0 in. Pride of Barbados, Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a member of the pea family (Fabaceae). They are native to the tropics and subtropics. Established plants have good drought tolerance. Caesalpinia pulcherrima has been used extensively by humans in a variety of ways. The species name pulcherrima literally means "very pretty" and this plant definitely lives up to the name. Caesalpinia pulcherrima, commonly called peacock flower or Barbados Pride, is a fast-growing upright shrub or small tree which typically matures to 10' tall (in shrub form) or to as much as 20' tall (in tree form). Preferably loose soil can be used for commerce on the basis of peat mixture with the addition of perlite or vermiculite wi… The plant was admired by the European colonizers of the Americas, who called it flos pavonis, or "peacock plant", and by the late 17th century it was being grown as an ornamental plant in the major botanical gardens in Europe, including that of naturalist Carl Linnaeus in Uppsala (5). A fast grower, Caesalpinia pulcherrima will flower best with infrequent, deep waterings during flowering season (4). Feathery, twice pinnate green leaves are usually evergreen, but sometimes deciduous in areas near the edge of its growing range. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Dwarf Poinciana) is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae. Facebook Page

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