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“I’ve decided not to play based on what I think sport is being used to do in Saudi Arabia," she said while emphasizing on the appalling human rights record of the nation.“We take for granted a lot of the choices and freedom we have available to us, but I try to make my decisions based on who I am as a person, not just a golfer," statement from her interview further read. 2) in practice torture and using torture to extract forced confessions of guilt remains common. [209] Students studying abroad have been threatened with termination of scholarships in response to criticism of the Saudi government on social media. The religious institutions from government clerics to judges, to religious curriculums, and all religious instructions in media are restricted to the Wahhabi understanding of Islam, adhered to by less than 40% of the population. [30] The death penalty can be imposed for a wide range of offenses,[31] including murder, rape, armed robbery, repeated drug use, apostasy,[32] adultery,[33] witchcraft and sorcery[34] and can be carried out by beheading with a sword,[32] stoning or firing squad,[33] followed by crucifixion. Saudi Arabia has no Shia cabinet ministers, mayors or police chiefs, according to another source, Vali Nasr, unlike other countries with sizable Shia populations (such as Iraq and Lebanon). [39] Most of the executed belonged to the country's Shia minority. "[80] In December 2014, two women were arrested and sentenced to almost a month of prison for defying the female driving ban. Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia - Government and society: Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by the Āl Saʿūd, a family whose status was established by its close ties with and support for the Wahhābī religious establishment. [161][162][163], On July 26, 2017, Saudi authorities began refusing to give emergency services to wounded civilians. Five of the accused were sentenced to 20 years in prison, one was sentenced for 10 years and the remaining two were each sentenced to 7 years in prison. Other Saudi women have done the similar things. [25][26] Reports also said, he was whipped so severely, he could not sleep on his back for days. [285], In June 2020, amidst Newcastle United F.C. [11], In 2016, a Saudi man was sentenced to 2,000 lashes, ten years in prison and a fine of 20,000 riyals (US$5,300) for making tweets critical of Islam, and denying the existence of God. No response was reported. Princess Basmah's cousin, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman issued her arrest and detention in 2019 for possessing a fake passport, when she was trying to allegedly flee Saudi Arabia. Rights groups have condemned the act by calling it an escalation of an ongoing crackdown on dissent. In December 2012, Saudi religious police detained more than 41 individuals after storming a house in the Saudi Arabian province of al-Jouf. Labor' either Saudi Nationals or foreigners, are welcomed to file any violations through the ministry's portal. Her sister Lina told The Telegraph that she did not ask for her freedom, but only a regular voice call with her parents to let them know that she hasn't disappeared. Atheism remains one of the most extreme taboos in Saudi Arabia. "[173] In 2009 the Saudi "religious police" established a special "Anti-Witchcraft Unit" to educate the public, investigate and combat witchcraft. Citizens' rights in Saudi Arabia can be described as follows: The ruler of the country is a hereditary king and people have no role in electing their rulers. [5] In the 2000s, it was reported that women were sentenced to lashes for adultery; the women were actually victims of rape, but because they could not prove who the perpetrators were, they were deemed guilty of committing adultery. "[79], When the driving ban was enforced, women complained that "we can't move around without a male. Saudi Arabia continued to co-lead the coalition in neighbouring Yemen, a coalition that is implicated in war crimes and other serious violations of international law (see Yemen entry). [15][16][17][18][19], According to Amnesty International, security forces continued to torture and ill- treat detainees to extract confessions to be used as evidence against them at trial. [99], On 30 August 2020, The Telegraph investigation reported hundreds of African migrants were locked up in degraded conditions in Saudi Arabian Covid detention centres. [166][167], President of Quran Council[168] and two cousins of executed Nimr al-Nimr were also killed by Saudi security forces in Qatif in 2017. Citizens are to pay allegiance to the King in accordance with the holy Qur'an and the tradition of the Prophet, in submission and obedience, in times of ease and difficulty, fortune and adversity. Saudi textbooks are hostile to Shiism, often characterizing the faith as a form of heresy worse than Christianity and Judaism. [214][215] On 3 October, a Saudi official claimed that Khashoggi had been neither detained nor killed, saying "He is not in the consulate nor in Saudi custody." [192] He had been sentenced to seven years in prison and 600 lashes for "insulting Islam", but this sentence was changed to 1,000 lashes, 10 years in prison, and additionally a fine of 1,000,000 Saudi riyals. The lashes were due to take place over 20 weeks. The authorities generally failed to abide by international standards of fair trial and safeguards for defendants in capital cases. The governments of Saudi Arabia and Iran both restrict the rights of their citizens to a great degree. Saudi Arabia continued to co-lead the coalition in neighbouring Yemen, a coalition that is implicated in war crimes and other serious violations of international law (see Yemen entry). The Jewish state displays more respect for the civil rights of its Muslim citizens than they receive in Saudi Arabia, the most Islamic country in the world. [205], In March 2020, The Guardian revealed that Saudi Arabia had been allegedly spying its citizens in the US. Saudi Arabian media often attacks Jews in books, news articles, at their Mosques, and with what some describe as antisemitic satire. [220], According to Human Rights Watch annual report 2016, Saudi Arabia continued to prosecute pro-reform activists and dissidents. A number of Shi’a activists accused of supporting or taking part in demonstrations in Eastern Province or expressing views critical of the government were prosecuted imprisoned or faced the death penalty in ongoing trials. According to the report, Saudi Arabia uses its terrorism tribunal and counterterrorism law to unjustly prosecute human rights defenders, writers, and peaceful critics. Saudi Arabia has always been criticized for its human rights record, but two developments over the last decade have caused a steeper slide into … "[271], Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs issued a statement via Twitter on 2 August 2018 expressing Canada's concern over the recent arrest of Samar Badawi, a human rights activist and sister of imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, and called for the release of Saudi human rights activists. Because anti-Shia attitudes are engrained from an early age, they are passed down from generation to generation. [67], In July 2018, two prominent female human rights activists, Samar Badawi and Nassima al-Sada, were arrested for challenging Saudi Arabia's male guardianship laws. There are no elections for national bodies, and political parties are outlawed. However, it is part of the Human Rights council. [74], On November 5, 2020, UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) appealed Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud to release women rights activist Loujain al-Hathloul. Residents are not allowed to enter or leave, and military indiscriminately shells the neighborhoods with airstrikes, mortar[152] and artillery[153] fire along with snipers[154] shooting residents. [134], The Saudi government has often been viewed as an active oppressor of Shias[142] because of the funding of the Wahabbi ideology which denounces the Shia faith. [289], On 2 October 2020, Human Rights Watch said, Saudi Arabia implemented a deflect strategy to change the country’s image of a pervasive human rights violator. [221], On 21 June 2020, The Guardian reported that a Human Rights activist and Saudi dissident Omar Abdulaziz, who is currently living in Canada, was warned by the Canadian authorities that he could be targeted by the government of Saudi Arabia. He was a critic of Saudi Arabia. This prejudice is found not only in textbooks, but also within the teachers in the classroom, and even in the university setting. Chapter 5: Rights and Duties These activists are thought to be at risk from the coronavirus outbreak, as they still remain behind the bars across the Middle East. [63] Saudi women married to foreigners, however, still face difficulty in passing their nationality to their children. The American public also gives the kingdom poor marks for how it treats its citizens. Mohammed al-Bajadi, a founding member of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association, remained held without charge or trial since his detention in May 2018. [2] The court sessions were closed and diplomats and journalists were banned from attending. murder or serious criminal activities under Islamic law.[219].   |   Saudi Arabia continue to deny asylum-seekers access to a fair refugee determination process. Children born to unknown parents in Saudi Arabia automatically get citizenship until the identities of the parents are known. [5][7], The courts continue to impose sentences of flogging as a principal or additional punishment for many offences. [245][248] On June 15, 2020, UN Secretary-General António Guterres removed the Saudi-led coalition from his latest “list of shame” despite continued grave violations against children in Yemen. On April 17, 2011, Nadhir al-Majed, a prominent 39-year-old writer, was arrested at school and detained for 15 months. Human Rights in Saudi Arabia: The Role of Women, Congressional Human Rights Caucus, Testimony of Ali Al-Ahmed, Director of the Saudi Institute, June 4, 2002. The Saudi government has refused to allow Shia teachers and students exemption from school to partake in activities for the Day of Ashura, one of the most important religious days for Shia Muslims which commemorates the martyrdom of Muhammad's grandson, Husayn bin Ali. Article 37: Houses are inviolable. She was duct taped and forcibly repatriated to Saudi Arabia, where she feared her family would kill her. The authorities escalated repression of the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, including in their crackdown on online expression. Torture is used as a punishment. In July, authorities arrested Zuhair Kutbi, an activist, because of his discussion to a peaceful reform in media. [112] [134], Religious police have arrested Shia Women in the Eastern Province for matters as trivial as organizing classes for Quranic studies and selling clothing for religious ceremonies as if they were involved in political activities which are not allowed in KSA.[134]. Saudi Arabia abstained from the United Nations vote adopting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, saying it contradicted sharia law. According to reports, over 900 Bangladeshi domestic migrant workers returned home from Saudi Arabia in 2019. The authorities continued to try individuals before the Specialized Criminal Court (SCC), a counter-terror court, on charges arising from the peaceful expression of views, in some cases on capital charges. Saudi religious police have detained Shi'ite pilgrims participating in the Hajj, allegedly calling them "infidels in Mecca". [87] The first driving license was issued to a Saudi woman in June 2018 and the ban on driving was lifted on June 24, 2018. [27], Prince Faisal bin Abdullah Al Saud, the former head of the Saudi Red Crescent Society and son of late King Abdullah, was arrested on March 27, 2020 and has since been kept under incommunicado detention. Cookie Statement [140], Amir Taheri quotes a Shi'ite businessman from Dhahran as saying "It is not normal that there are no Shi'ite army officers, ministers, governors, mayors and ambassadors in this kingdom. But I say they are heretics. [111] HEW stated, "these recent laws and regulations turn almost any critical expression or independent association into crimes of terrorism. [1] The totalitarian regime ruling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is consistently ranked among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. Regarded on a par with terrorists, atheists in Saudi Arabia suffer imprisonment, marginalisation, slander, ostracisation and even execution. Transgender people are generally associated with homosexuality and doctors are banned by the Saudi Ministry of Health from giving hormone replacement therapy to transgender people seeking to medically transition. [212], On 2 October 2018, Jamal Khashoggi entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in order to deal with paperwork related to his marriage. The second flogging has been postponed more than twelve times; previous postponements were due to health reasons, but the reason behind the most recent postponement is unknown. Foreign domestic workers who bring unfamiliar traditional religious or folk customs are a disproportionately affected by the anti-witchcraft campaign according to Human Rights Watch researchers Adam Coogle and Cristoph Wilcke. Saudi Arabia later abolished the punishment of flogging, and replaced it by jail time or fines or both. The documents would enable the recipients to work and access education and health care. His family feared the punishment could kill him. Saudi Arabia applies Sharia (Islamic law) as its national law. “Money cannot buy everything in the world. takeover, the WTO ruled that the pirate-pay television service distributed via beoutQ is Saudi, which is “operated by individuals or entities under the jurisdiction of Saudi Arabia”. According to the U.K.-based Islamic Heritage Research Foundation, over 90 percent of Saudi Arabia’s historical and … [91], On 26 October 2020, women rights activist Loujain started a hunger strike for not being allowed to speak with her family members during her time in detention. Many policies and practices endorsed and enforced by Saudi Arabia’s… In September, a drone attack for which Yemen’s Huthis claimed responsibility targeted facilities of the state-owned oil company Aramco in Abqaiq, Eastern Province and cut Saudi Arabia’s oil production by about half for several weeks. [194], In July 2015, Waleed Abulkhair, a prominent human rights lawyer, founder of Monitor of Human Rights in Saudi Arabia and recipient of 2012 of the Palm prize for human rights, was sentenced to 15 years of prison by a special criminal court in Riyadh for vague offences such as "setting up an unlicensed organization. [133] In 2009, during Ashura commencements, Shia religious and community leaders were arrested. [136] He was released on the same day, declaring the arrest entirely unprovoked. Dr. Thurayya Obeid was named Deputy Chairwoman of the Human Rights and Petitions Committee, Dr. Zainab Abu Talib, Deputy Chairwoman of the Information and Cultural Committee, and Dr. Lubna Al-Ansari, Deputy Chairwoman of the Health Affairs and Environment Committee.[62]. [209], The Saudi government is suspected of being behind the disappearance of its critic Naser al-Sa'id from Lebanon in 1979. Before the 1970s, anybody who was born in Saudi Arabia had the right for a citizenship. In August, in a positive and long-overdue development, the authorities announced major reforms to the discriminatory male guardianship system. So the message that will be given to people like Crown Prince is extremely important,” Hatice Cengiz quoted to BBC. The woman, Hanadi al-Hindi works for Saudi Prince Al Waleed. Hassan al-Habib has been serving a seven-year prison sentence. [101], On 2 October, 2020, an Amnesty International investigation revealed that at-least three migrant people died in the detention centers of Saudi Arabia, which has been holding thousands of Ethiopian migrants, according to eyewitness testimonies. [282], In May 2020, responding to the reports of Saudi PIF's taking over Newcastle United, fiancée of murdered journalist Jamal Khashoggi said that Premier League should consider moral values over and above financial gains. The list of those sentenced did not include Mohammed al-Otaibi and Former royal adviser Saud al-Qahtani, accused of playing a major role in the assassination. In 2019 alone, over 2 million foreign workers were arrested and 500,000 were deported. All gatherings, including peaceful demonstrations, remained prohibited under an order issued by the Ministry of Interior in 2011. [138] Shiites cannot become principals of schools. The legislature and the executive are selected by the king and the judges are also appointed by him. [29], Saudi Arabia regularly engages in capital punishment, including public executions by beheading. The organization added that monarchy is using the PIF as “a PR tool”. [60] In April 2010, a new, optional ID card for women was issued which allows them to travel in countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. If one of the parents is a national of Saudi Arabia, the child will usually be granted local nationality and may later become a national of Saudi Arabia … [6] The reforms did not allow women to marry without the permission of a guardian or to provide consent for her children to marry. Trade unions are also banned, but the government has granted permission for Saudi citizens to form some private societies, which are allowed to do some humanitarian work within the kingdom. [138] Government Wahhabi scholars, such as Abdulqader Shaibat al-Hamd, have proclaimed on state radio that Sunni Muslims must not "eat their [Shia] food, marry from them, or bury their dead in Muslims' graveyards".[138]. [35], A spokesman for the National Society for Human Rights, an organisation which is funded by the Saudi Government, said that the number of executions is rising because crime rates are rising, that prisoners are treated humanely, and that the beheadings deter crime, saying, "Allah, our creator, knows best what's good for His people...Should we just think of and preserve the rights of the murderer and not think of the rights of others? leave shelters for those who had experienced domestic abuse. "All the drivers, and their husbands, were barred from foreign travel for a year. The draft regulations also stipulated that applications for a medical report to assess the maturity of individuals aged under 18 wishing to marry and for the marriage itself must be heard by a specialized court. They remained in detention without charge or trial at the end of the year. The rights of citizens of Saudi Arabia are given below. [114][115][116], Saudi Arabia and the apartheid[118] analogy is a comparison of Saudi Arabia's treatment of minorities and non-Muslim foreigners with South Africa's treatment of non-whites during its apartheid era, or the description of Saudi treatment of women under Sharia Law with the concept of Gender apartheid. It was specified that the new law does not cover qisas or hudud cases, i.e. According to a 2009 Human Rights Watch report, Shia citizens in Saudi Arabia "face systematic discrimination in religion, education, justice, and employment".[128]. [21] The report found that Saudis, who have been exercising their right to freedom of expression peacefully and calmly in the kingdom, have been systematically persecuted by the authorities. Refunds of donations. [213], On 23 December 2019, Saudi Arabia sentenced five people to death for the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi and charged three others with a prison term of 24 years. In Saudi Arabia, human rights are based off the Hanbali Islamic religious laws, which are under absolute rule of the Saudi royal family.Due to the strict regime of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, human rights in the nation have been ranked some of the worst in the world. "[81][195], On November 17, 2015, Ashraf Fayadh, a Palestinian poet and contemporary artist, was sentenced to death for committing apostasy. [131], While the government and the official media and religious establishment strongly condemned the attack, a handful of articles in the Saudi press argued that the attack "had not come out of nowhere", that there was anti-Shi'ite incitement in the kingdom on the part of "the religious establishment, preachers, and even university lecturers – and that it was on the rise".[132]. [citation needed] The number of people living in the kingdom who were infected was a closely guarded secret. [249], The Society for Development and Change was created in September 2011[250] and campaigns for equal human rights for Shia in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. [citation needed], There has been virtually no Jewish activity in Saudi Arabia since the beginning of the 21st century. In the Eastern city of Al-Khobar, whose population is predominately Shia, there are no Shia mosques.

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