Johnson, Kathleen A. So I don’t think you will confuse the fruits. It is 43rd on the Best Browse List. Juice extracted from roots was believed to cure warts. Weakly, A.S., Ludwig, J.C., & Townsend, J.F. To use Sumac for Spice (option 1) Lay sumac out on newspaper, with lots of air flow. Stems are reddish in color. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra), and Shining Sumac (Rhus copallina) sucker profusely, and are despised by people with small yards that need to control them and can’t. All edible sumacs have red, rough-textured ones. (Burrows, G.E. The uses and basic identification are the same for staghorn sumac(Rhus typhina). 13,335) Honewort; Wild Chervil Latin Name: Cryptotaenia canadensis Another common wildlife food genus, related to sumac. Tea prepared from leaves was used to treat asthma and diarrhea. (Accessed March 2019). A drupe consists of 100 to 700 flowers and a fertilized female flower develops into a berry with a single seed—so only females produce berries. Winged Sumac Latin Name: Rhus copallina Audubon Society Flowers (pg. Approximately 250 species of sumac are known, from all of the continents, and they follow one simple, very handy generalization. It is not, though, as sour aslemon or vinegar. Exposed to rain and snow over time, some nutrients are washed away. The fruit grows in clusters of red and fuzzy berries and … Edible Parts: Fruit Oil Root Stem Edible Uses: Drink Oil Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 22, 46]. Nutrition: Smooth sumac berries probably have their peak nutrition shortly after they ripen, even though you can harvest them into winter. They make excellent wildlife shrubs because they provide shelter and food for birds and small mammals. Then zoom in on your state until the individual counties display in green. Staghorn & Smooth Sumac. Noteworthy Characteristics. Songbird Diet Index. They decorate our roadsides. In the fruit stage, poison sumac has white berries that hang dangling downward, while the flower and fruit clusters of all the Rhus species are orange to red and stand upward in tight clusters. Once the sumac lemonade is flavored to your liking, pour it through a strainer or cheesecloth to remove the berries. False poison sumac (R. michauxii) is a plant globally threatened with extinction, so it should not be harvested at all. (1951). I love the brilliant red-orange leaves which start to turn from green into color just at the time the berries ripen. Sumac species are dioecious, meaning that a plant is either male or female. Crushed twigs and leaves yielded a black dye when mixed with ochre mineral and the resin of pinyon pine. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. Inviting red berries of smooth sumac remain on the twigs through winter, available to birds and mammals. Once the berry clusters are dry, either all the way, or somewhat, stick the whole cluster into a food processor (but... 3. Tannins extracted from leaves produce a brown dye. (2012) Flora of Virginia. This chart may help you identify species: Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. For more information, see References & Citations, © 2020 Wildfoods 4 Wildlife - Website by Clayton Hamshar, winged all along the main axis of the leaf, Upright clusters of fuzzy, pea-size round red fruits, About 30 leaflets per leaf and will have a terminal leaflet straight out the tip of the leaf. All produce red berries with varying degrees of sourness. A large, open, irregular, spreading shrub which typically grows 8-15' tall and spreads by root suckers to form thickets or large colonies in the wild. As with most wild foods, timing is important with this small tree. How-to guide. Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [2016, December 21]. Leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Aside from terminal clusters of red berries, notice Smooth Sumac's bloom-covered smooth young twigs and large pinnately compound leaves. It provides beautiful leaves and some fruit. Naitve Americans also used sumac leaves in the smoking mixture call kinninkinick. In the fall the leaves turn a bright red. It has edible relatives that are similar, such as Smooth Sumac. If you indeed do have poison sumac in your county, spend some time doing additional research with the resources listed below until you feel more comfortable with identification, so you don’t come home from foraging scratching a budding rash. However, like Eastwood’s good side in the movie, these same species can sooth us as we drive by on the freeway in a race to wherever. Smooth sumac is not poisonous. The twigs have a white sap flowing inside, which can be seen if the twig is broken. Smooth sumac often grows in stands and seems to like sunny banks. Sugar to taste. The edible … An acid flavour, it has been used as a substitute for lemon juice. Treehoppers’ environments are defined by their host species, A super bloom of desert annuals on the Colorado Plateau, A plant incapable of photosynthesis but good at forming bridges. Sumac is typically dried, ground, and sold as a spice, especially in Middle Eastern markets. Elpel, T.J. (2013) Botany in a Day (APG). Use within 1 year. The Smooth Sumac’s Spectacular colors and Endless Appeal. Red cone-shaped fruit clusters are held above the branches in summer, autumn and winter. The flowers, which range from green to white, are arranged in upright clusters called drupes. Smooth sumac is well known for its brilliant red fall foliage and its deep red berries. They will retain more of their nutritive value, though, if they remain dry. All produce red berries with varying degrees of sourness. Just make sure the berries are in a dense, upright, red cluster. Roots were boiled to extract an antiseptic applied to wounds and ulcers. While some people eat the young shoots of sumac stems, I’m not impressed enough by the flavor to repeat the experience. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) is one of the most common roadside trees in Kentucky. There are numerous wild edibles that can be harvested and enjoyed with youth. In the fall the leaves turn a bright red. In fact the red berries can be crushed into water to make a tart drink (sumac-ade), due to the high concentration of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in the red covering over the seed clusters.
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