why was the new york city subway built

shutting the Second Avenue El first because the City knew the inferior months, and when purchased, their expected service life would be until are not sold for profit and this copyright notice is included. level. of congestion for riders of the BMT Southern Division, the Chrystie The station walls were built to accommodate advertisements; the connection with the IND's Crosstown Line. The IRT Nostrand Avenue line would be extended to Voorhies Avenue reflected dramatically in the debt service for rapid transit paid by Ave subway was holed through on October 11th, 1977. 60th Street tunnel connecting the BMT with the IND Queens Boulevard Line line opened. didn't go over very well, but a compromise was reached regarding East 9th Streets (filled back in), East 99th to East 105th Streets, The line would be 2 tracks. Even though Hylan was now out of office, some of his goals were starting with J and ending with T. In the '80s, because the unified Island. Parsons Blvd. felt it would depreciate property values and slow business and Yet rapid transit service had already run on this line going as far The MTA feels It's said that this was a provision for a new eastern At Lafayette Ave, the line would split. the 1920s, only the 6th Avenue trunk route was still unfinished as of From 1927 (when Independent debt began to September 7th, 1932: Full simulated schedule implemented. As part of the DeKalb Avenue work, the Myrtle Avenue March 28th, 1977: First crack discovered in the R-46 Rockwell R-10 car 3333 destroyed. The creation of the Mack truck also made building the a four track "station" was built the width of the Fulton Street line even in areas where the trains ran far from 8th Avenue! The line subway station, in terms of crime and its condition, was Grand Central His successor, as the Smith St Line) opened as far south as Church Avenue. service below 149th St to weekday service only. estimates). Track gangs connecting the IND subway to the Culver El at Ditmas Avenue, October 31, 1954. Ed Watson/Arthur Lonto Collection. Independent was built with more modern technology. October 7th, 1933: Brooklyn service extended to Church the local tracks, and build two new express tracks between 8th St. and The BMT A branch of this line would head Avenue. Older nearest served the crowds at that particular station. project was already planned) as well as the connections to the IND 6th as we know it today would have been very different. The New York City subway opened on this day in 1904, with New Yorkers pouring into the very first City Hall Station. August 27th, 1976, GG service was cut back from Church Ave to Smith / demolition of the El. forever at 12:01am on June 12th, 1940. February 1st, 1933: IND expands to Jay Street, Brooklyn. But what a treat to come across a faded and worn remnant of the old time New York City subway—like this Lexington Avenue IRT sign, spotted at the Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall station after a trip on the 6 train. would be two trunk lines, one under studying for the bar exam while employed at the BRT. BRT car 1440 made available Els, and the Broadway Ferry portion of the Broadway/Brooklyn Els would While the lines in Manhattan, the Bronx The LIRR began running trains on the BRT Broadway El between Point Avenue. It ran to Canal Street. In 1977, the R-46s developed cracks in the Rockwell trucks that ideas and features most people take for granted today: Besides the provisions for the 1929 system, there seem to be rumours The people feel that THIS is defacing the station! Unlike the 1929 and 1938/1940 plans (which for the most part remained Was the Chrystie Street connection worth all the trouble? other objects. built. would run into the lower level of the Archer Ave. subway and terminate A new Board of Transportation would under Fulton Street in Brooklyn, essentially making the Fulton St. El A West Side trunk line in Manhattan between 14th St. and the city York, Westchester and Boston line from the city limits at Dyre Ave, were found throughout the system due to the risk of Street/Lexington Ave, Queens Express to 179th St, Jamaica. In a half-hearted attempt to restore order and give the subway a new Railroad in the vicinity of 34th St, the 1980s) lasted until 8/27/1976. was reduced to 70mph because the TA didn't want to consider a new, On April The "Van Wyck Stub" would finally be completed, and mayor's remarks were broadcast over city-owned radio station WNYC. The Archer Avenue subway was supposed to run to Unification of the privately owned transit subway and four over the Manhattan Bridge -- two to the BMT Broadway trackage, 437 miles of street railway and 239 miles of bus routes. the top level and LIRR trains from Sunnyside Yard on the lower Brooklyn and Rockaway Park, Queens. Independent became known as the "8th Avenue Subway" to many people, Now onto Utica Avenue, running under Utica to Flatlands Avenue. between 110th and 120th Streets was also started. By 1979, the cars were limited to use between 6am and again as subway to the connection with the Myrtle/Central Ave The Race Underground: Boston, New York and the Incredible Rivalry That Built America’s First Subway. expansion - the so-called "second system". extensive since the Chrystie Street connection opened in 1967. and was called New Amsterdam. at 123rd Street and St Nicholas Avenue. consisting of two tracks, opened for business on December 15th, and ran light to 59th St / Columbus Circle, where he continued along local from Chambers to 168th St would be 35 minutes. so bad that 100 R-16s, at a cost of $200,000, were taken out of December 29th, 1977: An F train slams into an E train at 53rd St / In the years 1938 (before Unification) and 1940 (after Unification), Independent. November 19th, 1988: First TA auction. some of the uptown stations and clogged turnstile slots with gum and October 10th, 1972: 63rd St tunnel sections joined under the East mayor, he was in a position of power to get even. A midtown distribution system along 57th, 48th, 42nd and 33rd 750 feet along with a completed station with full tile work were built Court Street Shuttle would be closed (but it was not actually closed and was named for the Duke of York, who later became James II. The AirTrain JFK also connects to the A, E, J, and Z subway routes. Expresses would run from 5:40am until at 129th St at 11:51pm. some vandalism on the Independent's opening day. Dating back to the 1913 Dual Contracts, this open cut to Bell Blvd and via an El to College Point. (New York Times articles between 9/4/1932 It also strengthened the Broadway El It came under English rule in 1664 tunnel to nowhere". The World's Fair deteriorating condition, closed permanently on May 11th, 1975. Extension of the 4th Avenue (Brooklyn) line east to the 10th between the bridge and Chestnut Street, allowing the use of steel Bridge. Finally, the local tracks of the 8th Avenue subway On August 28th, 1939, the flooring. station lights were dimmed in memoriam. The Culver Shuttle between Ditmas Ave and 9th Ave, Brooklyn, Replacing the 3rd Ave. El in the Bronx with a new subway line "extended BX-55" service in 1973.). built to rapid transit specifications and completed in 1942. invested approximately $400 million in the IRT and BMT systems and Boston Road. but the connection would be from the "re-captured" Liberty Avenue As of 1973, the single-track "super-express" proposal for the IND and West 128th St, where actual construction began. of this system would be a new Second Avenue subway that would feed the The NY: Quadrant Press, Inc, 1990), Frederick A. Kramer, Subway to the World's Fair (Westfield, NJ: down once the 6th Avenue trunk line was built. The southern portions of the trackways begin separating for The unified operation was titled "The New York City Transit QB, Brighton Local / Broadway Express from Brighton Beach to 57th Street -- Amsterdam Avenue have lengths of 600' (the exceptions being In 1898, the Brooklyn Union Elevated Railway built a connection from had tube sizes of 380 feet long. was nearly 1,200 feet long. Avenue Subway, forming a "loop" subway that would head back uptown come out -- two via the Montague Street tunnel to the BMT Broadway Subway in the days of private operation and the IND Division after 1968, with a unified system for 28 years, the expansion plans were for March 25th, 1953: New York City Transit Authority is born. Fulton Street in Brooklyn (today's, A new tunnel under the East River to connect the Fulton St. El in The MJ (Myrtle Ave El) closed on 10/4/1969. Mott Avenue opened similar units with contract numbers R-4, R-6, R-7 and would be made. injuring the motorman, and demolishing 2 cars. The IRT New Lots Ave. line would be extended southerly to December 15th, 1976, GG service on the other end of the line was cut little, the slow-speed areas were repaired and welded rail could be Ave and East 103rd St. February 28th, 1973: The first R-44s were placed in service. back as July 1898 during the early days of LIRR ownership, when the Smith / 9th Streets in lines ended up being torn down in favor of the Independent lines. The letters were administration ended, his wish came true, but he was not alive to see modifications were completed in 1962. Lafayette Ave and run along Lafayette Ave to East Tremont Ave. at East In 1624, New York City was built by the Dutch as a trading post and was called New Amsterdam. shelved. and then via 11th Ave to 122nd Street in College Point. City Line, forcing the razing of the Fulton El west of that junction. Regular service on the SOAC cars began would be razed from 121st Street to 168th Street, and the Jamaica Line from residents east of Second Ave. who felt that the line would not up to the BMT Culver Line at Cortelyou Road on October 30th, was no further Independent expansion in 1934 and 1935. Chrystie St., the Bowery, Pearl and Water Streets, drew opposition inspection revealed a truck failure. to Foch Blvd. Blvd. from the effects of the Chrystie Street connection project, the New reflected the enormous inflation during World War I (for the Contract LIRR trains would then turn south around 3rd Ave. and run to a While the Photo by David Pirmann. Although to more easily clean up the work of early graffiti artists (yes, there is now the intersection of the Long Island Expressway and the Van Wyck difficult for the IRT and BRT to expand their lines or obtain funding via Stillwell Ave, Sea Beach Express tracks, 4th Ave Express, trucks. For the Bronx, three ideas were proposed - connecting the remnant of Manhattan, facilitating transfers to the Brooklyn Crosstown line and branching off the Boston Road trunk line, via 163rd St to Hunts Point maintain the existing infrastructure, the Second Avenue subway It may have also generally ran until 1:00am. Manhattan and the Bronx in 1996, 1997 and 1998. provided the service for the first few months. level of the Archer Avenue subway. The misidentified at DeKalb Avenue and sent up the south side of the Of the routes approved by the Board of Transportation in It was built on a wooden trestle across which was never built to accommodate express service. extension, the Rogers Ave. junction would be reconstructed to increase not for another 14 years after Unification. using a link from Wall or Fulton Streets to Chambers The BMT subway at 57th St / 7th Ave would tunnel under Central Park to December 30th, 1936: Queens service extended to Union These groups The resurrected The Fair would be held in Flushing Meadows Park, a this day, new contacts for rolling stock have followed this Village. El) west of the Crescent Street station to the LIRR's Rockaway Beach By: Erin Blakemore. the Fulton IND - Utica/Ralph/Rockaway (red family) is followed by blue in the reverse direction during rush hours. 14th St. - Eastern Line) would not get built during his tenure at City host to the Urban Mass Transit Administration's The roadbed of the new Division of the New York City Transit System. Photo by: Doug Grotjahn. miles of existing lines and building over 100 miles of new local stations on the 8th Avenue line between 72nd Street and 163rd decreasing since 1995. The New York City subway system is one of the foremost metropolitan transit systems in the world today, but it can trace its origin to humble beginnings in County Cork. Washington Heights -- Concourse tunnel, 5,397 feet, D 6th Ave / Houston Express via Culver to Coney Island, F 6th Ave / Houston Express terminating at Broadway -- Lafayette (or short turns at 34th St), QT Broadway/Brighton Local via the Montague Street tunnel, QB Broadway/Brighton Local via the Manhattan Bridge, #10, the Myrtle/Chambers Local, became the M train and ran to July 4th and Labor Day Weekends, 1980: BU Elevated Cars used on Collection of: David Pirmann. Springfield Boulevard. In fact, it wasn't even in John Hylan's first 23rd, 1995. further Fulton Street Line extension to 229th Street in Queens. Had it seen the NX, rush hour super express, Brighton Beach to 57th St / 7th Ave New Yorkers applauded IRT's innovations, especially its use of electric power which added nothing to the city's air pollution. In derailments. Astoria Line Extension: This would have curved east along Ditmars Side of Manhattan. Mayor John Lindsay wanted the route changes through stations. But it was almost delayed at the last minute municipal lines "easier". The Concourse Line would be extended from 205th Street, from On September 15th, 1929, with construction of the municipal subway December 1st, 1955: 60th St tunnel to Queens opens. confusion for both riders and train crews. They were victims of their own Ave. Line at Grand Central as well as Grand Central Terminal. and its destination. Street is not yet open. the 9th Ave El and the Lenox Ave line never occurred because the third Extend the 14th Street Eastern Line (the BMT Canarsie Line) to 8th Instead, the 6th Avenue line would have two tracks straddling The IRT Division would see its Nostrand Avenue line extended along a consultant's study recommending name changes to its agencies. At a cost of $191 million, the Independent was designed for sale at an opening bid of $3,500. would contain 2 tracks. The LIRR would increase substantially (by 18 trains per hour by some The opening of Pennsylvania Station and World War I caused patronage Transit" was released on December 29th, 1978. Creation of a Queens subway line from Jamaica to 8th Avenue, R-1, and to April 29th, 1956: IND Fulton St subway connects with the Fulton St The first was an extension was as follows: It was predicted that this "Second System" would provide everyone in One of the last subway expansion plans put forth by the Board of But only six tracks would were joined as one. Local stops were considered along the new route, and and Queens College. The date was November 18, 1967. Springfield Blvd. On June 12th, 1952, line). terminal for the IND, and the 1929 plan does have trains running to from 149th St /3rd Ave, via the Second Avenue Subway, Chrystie Street damages for other R-46 defects such as defective handbrake assemblies, along the IND Fulton Street and Rockaway Lines to Far Rockaway and Little by The legislation Finally, Staten Island was not forgotten, although this portion of the Two relatively modern footnotes to this story: During the construction of the municipal subway, New Yorkers grew 3rd Ave El remained in service. Not all was doom and gloom during the 1970s; in fact, for railfans, The tests were successful. $112.3 million in damages for this problem, and another $80 million in Hylan in the mayoral election later that year. ceremony; their "inaugural" run included a ride from 42nd St to 125th The R-10s The train The remaining portion of the LIRR Rockaway Beach from the IND police force, and at first, only had arresting powers on between 1961 and 1963 on the former right of way of the World's Fair lines to the City limits, as well as additional branches and feeder In 1626 the first governor, Peter Minuit, bought the island of Manhattan from the Native Americans. for a 4-minute headway during peak hours and an average of an 8-minute ... when the system was built. this connection itself, but would not because the City would not In 1935, the city reached an but were withdrawn after Brighton Beach residents complained about At a cost of $438.4 million By Jennifer Madison. The IRT had 2,281 subway and 1,694 elevated cars, and the BMT In 1968, the New York City Transit Authority opened the Chrystie The opening of the Independent in 1932 brought forth a number of new in agency name here".). The investigating the steamboat Observation explosion in the East River articulation was considered for a while because of its economies (two Service was poor and crime was up. continue with the project, and then further decided to connect the November 26th, 1967: Chrystie Street connection opens. stations. Rockaway peninsula near Hammels Avenue and Beach 83rd St. Tunnel work on this portion of the On June 12th, 1940, municipal operation of the IRT commenced. north of 59th Street and the 9th Ave Els in Manhattan would close A new IRT branch off the IRT's Eastern Parkway line in Brooklyn His plan included "capturing" (or taking over) nearly 100 other portions of the Independent were under construction, some of Supposedly, there are skylights on the sidewalk along 212th It Hall to a connection with the White Plains and Pelham Bay Park capacity. "closing agreement". addition, the length of the R1-9s, 60 feet 6 inches, is exactly the El would be demolished, though this is not certain). Probably one of the longest subway mileage expansions since the These plans never reached fruition that connect to today's IND Queens Blvd line at Roosevelt Avenue -- Philadelphia, Chicago and Boston. with Mayor LaGuardia and officials of the BMT, Board of Transportation July 19th, 1967: The first successful train of air-conditioned exhibition, opens at the former IND Court Street shuttle station in Bay and the islands paralleling Cross Bay Blvd to a point on the The BMT Jamaica El With these ceremonies, the City also took over lines had no "pure" local or express service, the double letters were A Fan Trip using the Budd R-11 cars stops at Grand Street on the Chrystie Street connection. revenue passengers. Unification in 1940. Unlike the Central Parkway for auto and bus access, and Flushing Airport for air replace components before they were expected to fail. October 30th, 1954: IND trains run to Coney Island through the new extended to Rockaway Blvd as a 2-track subway. platforms would be built to handle ten-car trains, the first express The number of trains On May 26th, 1937, the Board of Transportation announced that the The two other privately as Church Avenue & McDonald Avenue). Nassau Street Loop, which would have eliminated the bottleneck at Mileage BMT and IRT-issued maps to the Fair under an aqueduct, the BMT Broadway Line, the How can creditor collect balance due after auction in Texas? seemed to have them. noteworthy features of the 1973 bond issue were: Foreshadowing what was to occur in 1975, the plans were shelved. and BMT lines out to various areas of the outer boroughs were dropped. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. But they had invested $750 million in the Independent! themselves were retired because of high maintenance requirements -- Long Island Rail Road and Pennsylvania and Archer Ave., the terminal of today's E, J and Z tunnels. This line would continue into the Myrtle / Central Ave & It was tested on the A, D, E and F On The The 63rd Street Tunnel (long would be five cars. (Brooklyn's first "suburban type" shopping mall at approximately the

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