function of pond ecosystem

These are either floating or suspended or rooted at the bottom. These includes: The biotic components of Pond ecosystem are the living components which consist of: The producers are the aquatic green plants, which may be divided into two groups. It can function perfectly if it has all of the necessary parts: Water; Filters; Aquatic Plants; Algae (yes, algae) Rocks & Gravel; Animals; Every size pond, small, average, and large, should have these parts. BOD and DO govern the kind of organisms present in water. Eg: Insects, fishes, frogs, crab etc. A biological system that includes water and plant and animal life interacting with each other. are decomposers. The green plants convert the radiant energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis. The limnetic zone is a central part of a pond up to where there is penetration of effective light. On the basis of the depth of water, penetration of light and the types of plants and animals in the pond, the pond is divided into different zones. Pond ecosystem is a  freshwater ecosystem with the complex interaction between its biotic and abiotic components. All these functions of the ecosystem take place through delicately balanced and controlled processes. They are: It is a peripheral shallow water zone in which light can reach up to the bottom. Ponds are small bodies of still, or not moving, fresh water that are surrounded by land. Pond ecosystem services are also important for sustaining rural production and livelihoods. According to Woodbury (1954), ecosystem is a complex in which habitat, plants and animals are considered as one interesting unit, the materials and energy of one passing in and out of the others. An ecosystem pond works with Mother Nature to provide food, shelter, and safety to the wildlife around it. Pyramid of biomass and pyramid of number is inverted in the parasitic type of food chain. Let’s find out more about how they interact as an ecosystem. are common examples of ecosystems. They range from small (eg a freshwater pond) to global (eg the desert biome). The food chain is of two types which are given below: Food chains of pond ecosystem which are interconnected with one another in different ways forming a network is called food web. Pond ecosystems are full of activity and life. Nitrogen and phosphorus are important nutrients for plants. A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or artificial, that is smaller than a lake. A function of a pond is to allow vegetation and cohabitation with other microorganisms. These are primary carnivores, which depend on herbivorous animals for food. Eg. Epilimnion is the zone of gradually decreasing temperature from the surface, thermocline of rapidly falling temperature and hypolimnion is a bottom zone where no temperature gradient evident. Although rapid urbanization has changed the structure and function of ponds, there have been few reports of the ecosystem services they provide. Pond Ecosystem Light zonation of pond. Though fresh water only makes up less than 3% of all the water on earth, it is essential to human … They feed upon plants or animals (secondary consumer) therefore are called omnivores. The consumers are those heterotrophic organisms, which consume producers as food. The main producers in pond or lake ecosystem are algae and other aquatic plants, such as Azolla, Hydrilla, Potamogeton, Pistia, Wolffia, Lemna, Eichhornia, Nymphaea, Jussiaea, etc. Flow of energy and information through the cell. These are the second grade of carnivores. Interactions: They are the food chains and food web formed by biotic communities. There the microscopic plants and decomposers are present. An enclosed body of water that houses numerous different creatures. v Trees are of different kinds depending upon the type of forest developed in that climate. As with other ecosystems, plants are the primary producers. Macrophytes: They are large plants, which manufacture complex food. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. Wetland functions and ecosystem benefits. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. No harmful chemicals, no complex filter system, no chlorine. Eg; Pistea. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. It contains warm and oxygen rich circulating water. Ubiquity.. Pond ecosystems can be found on every continent on the planet. 1. A pond as a whole serves as a good example of an aquatic as well as freshwater ecosystem. A pond ecosystem is a freshwater ecosystem. For example, they recycle nutrients, purify water, attenuate floods, recharge ground water and provide habitats for wildlife. Pond ecosystems provide a home for wildlife, including fish, turtles, frogs, and water birds. Ponds get their energy from the sun. This is the deep-water region where there is no effective light penetration. Pond. Dissolved oxygen refers to the level of free, non-compound oxygen dissolved or present in water or any other liquid. The nature and scale of ecosystem functions, such as carbon-fixation and nutrient cycling in a freshwater pond, appear to be governed by complex reciprocal interac- tions involving physical, chemical and microbiological factors. The abiotic substances of Pond ecosystem are formed as a result of the mixture of some organic and inorganic materials. Decomposers are almost absent here. Their types are: These herbivorous animals depend on autotrophic organisms such as microscopic plant eaters or zooplanktons, Mollusks, Beetles, Cyclops, and Daphnia etc. Generally, the decomposers either live in the soil layer beneath water or in the mud. Fundamentally, ecosystem functions are exchange of energy and nutrients in the food chain. Aquatic ecosystems perform many important environmental functions. 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