Diet The ostrich is an omnivore. A fifth subspecies, the Asiatic of Middle-Eastern ostrich (S. c. syriacus) is now presumed extinct. The lower leg is covered in scales – a reminder of the bird’s dinosaur ancestry. The Somali Ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) is also called the Blue-Necked Ostrich. Ostriches share the order Struthioniformes with the kiwis, emus, and other ratites. They eat seeds, shrubs, grass, fruit, and flowers. Starting in 2014, the Somali ostrich is now considered a full species separate from the common ostrich. However, ostriches don’t actually do this! Although they prefer plants—particularly roots, seeds, and leaves—they also eat locusts, lizards, snakes, and rodents. Known in ancient Greek, as “Camel-Sparrow”.It is also the only living animal of its family known as Struthionidae.There are only two species of ostriches: The Common Ostrich and the Somali Ostrich.. Recommended Citation. (Subspecies are members of the same species, but usually have slight physical differences and are found in different areas.). Flying Squirrels Facts: Meet The Gliding Rodents Of North America! The common ostrich's diet consists mainly of plant matter, though it also eats invertebrates. Some authorities list the Somali ostrich as a full species, S. molybdophane. The origin of ostrich farming. The ostrich has a large range (the area in which it is found) and is present in over 25 countries throughout western, eastern and southern Africa. When they first ingest food it sits at the top of the mouth until it forms a lump which can slide down the throat. There are reports of them living up to nearly 70 years. For thousands of years the bird’s feathers have been worn and traded, and the bird itself hunted for bush meat. It lives in nomadic groups of 5 to 50 birds. Somali Ostrich may be better considered a full species separate from the Common Ostrich, but most taxonomists consider it to be a subspecies. The ostrich is a long-lived bird, with a lifespan of over 60 years in captivity. Daspletosaurus Horneri, A New Species of Dinosaur, Has Recently Been Discovered! Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! It is able to reach speeds of up to 43 miles per hour (70 km/h) in short bursts. Despite this, the bird is currently rated ‘Least Concern’. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! massaicus), and Zambezi River (S. c. australis). They look very different with long legs and neck, and they can run with short bursts over around 43 mph that is the fastest land speed of any bird. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! Only recently established as a separate species from the Common Ostrich, the Somali Ostrich is noticeable for its blue neck and legs, with makes having bright red markings on their shins during mating season. The cream-colored shell is 2mm thick. However, due to increased human incursion, its population is decreasing. There are two extant species of ostriches, the common ostrich and the Somali ostrich. Some analyses indicate that the Somali Ostrich may be better considered a full species separate frae the Common Ostrich, but maist taxonomists consider it to be a subspecies. 1. The inner toe has a large, hoof-like claw. Copyright © 2020 ActiveWild.com. Visit a world-class zoo … without leaving your home! In Australia, escapees have formed feral (domestic animals turned wild) populations. It is a ratite, related to emus, rheas, cassowaries, kiwi, and the Masai Ostrich. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores.